Tatari Faran Grammar


Comparisons

Implicit Comparisons

Tatari Faran uses the comparatives puru (more) and sutu (less) to make comparisons.

They may be placed in adjectival position in an NP to indicate a comparative quantity:

san puru so tapa upau bata.
More people arrived here.

san sutu so tapa tara' iki bata.
Less people went with him.

huu na uenai birap puru sa uen.
I want more food.

They may be placed after an adjective to express a comparative quality:

kiran tepas puru sa hena saba anan.
And then a more handsome young man (than before) stood up.

kiran tepas sutu sa bumei utu'.
The less handsome young man sat down.

The particle ke is used when the quality being compared is not stated:

puru ke!
More, more!

sutu ke!
Less, less!

Explicit Comparisons

The above comparisons are implicit, in that the standard being compared against is not explicitly stated and must be inferred from context. An explicit comparison is made by adding an originative or receptive NP to an adjectival statement.

A positive comparison is made by adding a receptive NP as the standard of comparison:

diru jiras te' sei jui'in puru tara' nei kakat.
The first girl is prettier than she.

teira sa meman puru asuen na paran.
The older brother is more mature than the younger brother.

A negative comparison is made by adding an originative NP as the standard of comparison, and negating the finalizer:

ina' sei meman sutu sita' kei bei'paran.
The younger sister is less mature than the older sister.

kiran sa busan sutu bata' ka bei'miin.
The young man is less fat than the chief.

Progressive Comparisons

The particle kumai (a contraction of ke and umai) is used for indicating a progressively increasing or decreasing quality or quantity.

tara' sei pamra tsat puru kumai asu.
She runs faster and faster.

tara' sa pamra tsat sutu kumai bei'asu.
He runs slower and slower.

diru sei jui'in sutu kumai bei'kakat.
The girl is [becoming] less and less pretty.

Notice that the finalizer is negated when the comparison is negative, just as with explicit comparisons.

Increasing or decreasing quantities are indicated by combining puru kumai or sutu kumai with the partitive case of the noun:

sutu kumai sanis so tsuni kapi ipai ira.
There are less and less people there.

kapi ipai tsuni puru kumai sanis so ira.
There are more and more people there.

kapi ipai tsuni sutu kumai sanis so ira.
There are less and less people there.

(Note that in the second and third examples, sutu acts as the head of an NP, not as an adverb modifying the verb. The finalizer is not negated with negative comparisons in this case. This should not be confused with the case when puru or sutu is modifying the verb.)


Last updated 23 May 2013.

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